“The more that you read, the more things you will know. The more that you learn, the more places you’ll go.”  – Dr. Seuss

B   and V


Minimal Pair Drill

Boat- Vote
Ban- Van
Vale- Bale
robe- Rove
dub -Dove
Curb- Curve
By- Vie
Bury- very
Cabs – Calves
bent – Vent

Sentence Drill
1.)He was asked to put on his best vest.
2. The base of the vase was broken.
3.) The berries are very sweet.
4.) Several bales of expensive veils were smuggled.
5.)He bowed as he vowed to do what to do what he could to change the situation.

L and R 

Minimal Pairs /l/ and /r/


alive- arrive

fly – fry

light – right

long – wrong


collect – correct

glamour – grammar

glass- grass

lace – race

lane – rain

law – raw

lead – read


belly- berry

blew – brew

blue – brew

blush – brush

clash – crash

Upper Intermediate

belly – berry

blight – bright

blues – bruise

blush – brush

fleas – freeze

flee – free


blacken – bracken

blight – bright

blew – brew

clash  – crash

flea – free

Sentence Drill

1.) Lip laziness results in faulty articulation.

2.) A loyal relative is great treasure.

3.) For miles, the simple lad walked to sell his pails.

4.) “He got a speeding ticket for racing

5.) “The dog was growling at the cat”

N and M

N and M word drill


am – an


cam – can

comb – cone

foam – phone

home – hone

mam – man


beam – been

came – cane

dime – dine

game – gain

gnome – known

gum – gun


boom – boon

clam – clan

dorm – dawn

fame – feign

gram – gran

same – sane


beam – bean

blame – blain

deem – dean

dim – din

dumb – dun

gleam – glean

Phrase Drill

the men and women from the moon

the loam from where Adam was created

a miniature musical scale in the museum

an amalgam of prominent business firms in this room

memories of summer.

s and sh sound.


C she

sea she

seat sheet

see she

sock shock


boss bosh

save shave

seal she’ll

so show


cost coshed

fist fished

gas gash

plus plush

puss push

rust rushed

saw shore

seed she’d

Sentence Drill

1. I slit the sheet, the sheet I slit, and on the slitted sheet I sit.

2.  The sun shines on the shop signs.

3.  The sun shines on the shop signs.

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